What happened in the Middle East when it decided to revere religion over honest enquiry?
The word “algebra” is an arabic word. In fact, throughout most of the 1st millennium the Middle East was the intellectual capital of the world. The language of science, unlike today, was Arabic. And yet, seemingly all at once, around the start of the 13th century, the Middle East lost science and held on to religious superstition. You can see the consequences of that today in Nobel Laureates and technological development in Baghdad and Cairo.
I can’t find anything to suggest it was due to the Islamic philosopher al-Ghazali, even though popular myth seems to posit that he related Maths to the work of the devil. Instead, it seems to have been political and bred from war and invasion. How the Middle East lost science and kept religion is not the important part. The point is that it did, and the consequences of that are clearly visible today.
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